At the end of the XIX century the Russian system of penitentiary institutions for juvenile offenders begins to take shape. The Main Prison Administration of the Russian Empire paid special attention to the formation of organizations where juvenile criminals were taught the skills of agronomy and crafts. One of these institutions was the Storozhischenskaya agricultural colony for juvenile offenders. In 1896, a statutory document of the above-mentioned penitentiary institution for juvenile offenders was adopted, which determined the main directions of its activity. As conceived by the founders of the agricultural colony, its pupils underwent a course of training in practical and theoretical disciplines, which could be useful to them after being released from a correctional institution in later life. One of the main problems faced by the Main Prison Administration of the Russian Empire was the recruitment of staff to ensure the daily life and education of juvenile delinquents. Thanks to the competently drafted statutory documents of the penitentiary, in the process of re-education of adolescents, it was possible to find an acceptable balance between various types of agronomic education and schoolwork.
Keywords: agricultural colony, Main prison administration, juvenile criminals, Russian Empire, agronomy, Smolensk, training.
Dmitri Liventsev "Creation of the Storozhischenskaya Agricultural Colony of the 1st Category for Juvenile Criminals in 1896" Agrarian History, Number 4, 2020 P. 3 - 9.